B. Administer the prescribed diet (low-moderate protein), high carbohydrate
C. Teach the patient about dietary restrictions
EXPLANATION (A) and (D) would likely cause an adverse outcome. The high sodium in normal saline (NS) and the rate (125 cc/hour) would lead to fluid overload. Potassium as ordered in (A) and (D) are contraindicated in this patient with kidney failure.
A. Kidney transplant involves implanting a kidney from a compatible donor in patients with irreversible kidney damage
C. Donors may be a living related donor or an unrelated to the recipient
D. Donors may be from individuals with irreversible brain injury
EXPLANATION Kidney transplant occurs in patients who are immunosuppressed. These patients as well as the donor are screened for several infectious agents (including COVID-19) that may increase the risk for the transplant recipient. A, C and D are correct.
EXPLANATION Three important diagnostic tests that you should be familiar with are creatinine (an indicator of glomerular filtration rate, BUN (an indicator of protein metabolism) and the 'BUN/creatinine ratio'. All three tests are used to assess renal function.